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Contents of /getopt/tags/VERSION_1_1_6/getopt.c

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Revision 381 - (show annotations)
Mon Nov 24 13:46:48 2014 UTC (4 years, 9 months ago) by frodo
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1 /*
2 * getopt.c - Enhanced implementation of BSD getopt(1)
3 * Copyright (c) 1997-2014 Frodo Looijaard <frodo@frodo.looijaard.name>
4 *
5 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
6 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
7 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
8 * (at your option) any later version.
9 *
10 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
11 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
12 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
13 * GNU General Public License for more details.
14 *
15 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
16 * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
17 * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
18 */
19
20 /*
21 * Version 1.0-b4: Tue Sep 23 1997. First public release.
22 * Version 1.0: Wed Nov 19 1997.
23 * Bumped up the version number to 1.0
24 * Fixed minor typo (CSH instead of TCSH)
25 * Version 1.0.1: Tue Jun 3 1998
26 * Fixed sizeof instead of strlen bug
27 * Bumped up the version number to 1.0.1
28 * Version 1.0.2: Thu Jun 11 1998 (not present)
29 * Fixed gcc-2.8.1 warnings
30 * Fixed --version/-V option (not present)
31 * Version 1.0.5: Tue Jun 22 1999
32 * Make -u option work (not present)
33 * Version 1.0.6: Tue Jun 27 2000
34 * No important changes
35 * Version 1.1.0: Tue Jun 30 2000
36 * Added NLS support (partly written by Arkadiusz Miƛkiewicz
37 * <misiek@pld.org.pl>)
38 * Version 1.1.4: Mon Nov 7 2005
39 * Fixed a few type's in the manpage
40 * Version 1.1.5: Sun Aug 12 2012
41 * Sync with util-linux-2.21, fixed build problems, many new translations
42 * Version 1.1.6: Mon Nov 24 2014
43 * Sync with util-linux git 20141120, detect ambiguous long options, fix
44 * backslash problem in tcsh
45 */
46
47 /* Exit codes:
48 * 0) No errors, successful operation.
49 * 1) getopt(3) returned an error.
50 * 2) A problem with parameter parsing for getopt(1).
51 * 3) Internal error, out of memory
52 * 4) Returned for -T
53 */
54 #define GETOPT_EXIT_CODE 1
55 #define PARAMETER_EXIT_CODE 2
56 #define XALLOC_EXIT_CODE 3
57 #define TEST_EXIT_CODE 4
58
59 #include <stdio.h>
60 #include <stdlib.h>
61 #include <string.h>
62 #include <unistd.h>
63 #include <ctype.h>
64
65 #if LIBCGETOPT
66 #include <getopt.h>
67 #else
68 #include "getopt.h"
69 #endif
70
71 #include "util-linux-compat.h"
72 #include "nls.h"
73 #include "xalloc.h"
74
75 /* NON_OPT is the code that is returned when a non-option is found in '+'
76 * mode */
77 #define NON_OPT 1
78 /* LONG_OPT is the code that is returned when a long option is found. */
79 #define LONG_OPT 0
80
81 /* The shells recognized. */
82 typedef enum { BASH, TCSH } shell_t;
83
84
85 /* Some global variables that tells us how to parse. */
86 static shell_t shell = BASH; /* The shell we generate output for. */
87 static int quiet_errors = 0; /* 0 is not quiet. */
88 static int quiet_output = 0; /* 0 is not quiet. */
89 static int quote = 1; /* 1 is do quote. */
90
91 /* Allow changing which getopt is in use with function pointer */
92 int (*getopt_long_fp) (int argc, char *const *argv, const char *optstr,
93 const struct option * longopts, int *longindex);
94
95 /* Function prototypes */
96 static const char *normalize(const char *arg);
97 static int generate_output(char *argv[], int argc, const char *optstr,
98 const struct option *longopts);
99 static void parse_error(const char *message);
100 static void add_long_options(char *options);
101 static void add_longopt(const char *name, int has_arg);
102 static void print_help(void);
103 static void set_shell(const char *new_shell);
104
105 /*
106 * This function 'normalizes' a single argument: it puts single quotes
107 * around it and escapes other special characters. If quote is false, it
108 * just returns its argument.
109 *
110 * Bash only needs special treatment for single quotes; tcsh also recognizes
111 * exclamation marks within single quotes, and nukes whitespace. This
112 * function returns a pointer to a buffer that is overwritten by each call.
113 */
114 static const char *normalize(const char *arg)
115 {
116 static char *BUFFER = NULL;
117 const char *argptr = arg;
118 char *bufptr;
119
120 free(BUFFER);
121
122 if (!quote) {
123 /* Just copy arg */
124 BUFFER = xmalloc(strlen(arg) + 1);
125 strcpy(BUFFER, arg);
126 return BUFFER;
127 }
128
129 /*
130 * Each character in arg may take up to four characters in the
131 * result: For a quote we need a closing quote, a backslash, a quote
132 * and an opening quote! We need also the global opening and closing
133 * quote, and one extra character for '\0'.
134 */
135 BUFFER = xmalloc(strlen(arg) * 4 + 3);
136
137 bufptr = BUFFER;
138 *bufptr++ = '\'';
139
140 while (*argptr) {
141 if (*argptr == '\'') {
142 /* Quote: replace it with: '\'' */
143 *bufptr++ = '\'';
144 *bufptr++ = '\\';
145 *bufptr++ = '\'';
146 *bufptr++ = '\'';
147 } else if (shell == TCSH && *argptr == '\\') {
148 /* Backslash: replace it with: '\\' */
149 *bufptr++ = '\\';
150 *bufptr++ = '\\';
151 } else if (shell == TCSH && *argptr == '!') {
152 /* Exclamation mark: replace it with: \! */
153 *bufptr++ = '\'';
154 *bufptr++ = '\\';
155 *bufptr++ = '!';
156 *bufptr++ = '\'';
157 } else if (shell == TCSH && *argptr == '\n') {
158 /* Newline: replace it with: \n */
159 *bufptr++ = '\\';
160 *bufptr++ = 'n';
161 } else if (shell == TCSH && isspace(*argptr)) {
162 /* Non-newline whitespace: replace it with \<ws> */
163 *bufptr++ = '\'';
164 *bufptr++ = '\\';
165 *bufptr++ = *argptr;
166 *bufptr++ = '\'';
167 } else
168 /* Just copy */
169 *bufptr++ = *argptr;
170 argptr++;
171 }
172 *bufptr++ = '\'';
173 *bufptr++ = '\0';
174 return BUFFER;
175 }
176
177 /*
178 * Generate the output. argv[0] is the program name (used for reporting errors).
179 * argv[1..] contains the options to be parsed. argc must be the number of
180 * elements in argv (ie. 1 if there are no options, only the program name),
181 * optstr must contain the short options, and longopts the long options.
182 * Other settings are found in global variables.
183 */
184 static int generate_output(char *argv[], int argc, const char *optstr,
185 const struct option *longopts)
186 {
187 int exit_code = EXIT_SUCCESS; /* Assume everything will be OK */
188 int opt;
189 int longindex;
190 const char *charptr;
191
192 if (quiet_errors)
193 /* No error reporting from getopt(3) */
194 opterr = 0;
195 /* Reset getopt(3) */
196 optind = 0;
197
198 while ((opt =
199 (getopt_long_fp(argc, argv, optstr, longopts, &longindex)))
200 != EOF)
201 if (opt == '?' || opt == ':')
202 exit_code = GETOPT_EXIT_CODE;
203 else if (!quiet_output) {
204 if (opt == LONG_OPT) {
205 printf(" --%s", longopts[longindex].name);
206 if (longopts[longindex].has_arg)
207 printf(" %s", normalize(optarg ? optarg : ""));
208 } else if (opt == NON_OPT)
209 printf(" %s", normalize(optarg ? optarg : ""));
210 else {
211 printf(" -%c", opt);
212 charptr = strchr(optstr, opt);
213 if (charptr != NULL && *++charptr == ':')
214 printf(" %s", normalize(optarg ? optarg : ""));
215 }
216 }
217
218 if (!quiet_output) {
219 printf(" --");
220 while (optind < argc)
221 printf(" %s", normalize(argv[optind++]));
222 printf("\n");
223 }
224 return exit_code;
225 }
226
227 /*
228 * Report an error when parsing getopt's own arguments. If message is NULL,
229 * we already sent a message, we just exit with a helpful hint.
230 */
231 static void __attribute__ ((__noreturn__)) parse_error(const char *message)
232 {
233 if (message)
234 warnx("%s", message);
235 fprintf(stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
236 program_invocation_short_name);
237 exit(PARAMETER_EXIT_CODE);
238 }
239
240 static struct option *long_options = NULL;
241 static int long_options_length = 0; /* Length of array */
242 static int long_options_nr = 0; /* Nr of used elements in array */
243 #define LONG_OPTIONS_INCR 10
244 #define init_longopt() add_longopt(NULL,0)
245
246 /* Register a long option. The contents of name is copied. */
247 static void add_longopt(const char *name, int has_arg)
248 {
249 char *tmp;
250 static int flag;
251
252 if (!name) {
253 /* init */
254 free(long_options);
255 long_options = NULL;
256 long_options_length = 0;
257 long_options_nr = 0;
258 }
259
260 if (long_options_nr == long_options_length) {
261 long_options_length += LONG_OPTIONS_INCR;
262 long_options = xrealloc(long_options,
263 sizeof(struct option) *
264 long_options_length);
265 }
266
267 long_options[long_options_nr].name = NULL;
268 long_options[long_options_nr].has_arg = 0;
269 long_options[long_options_nr].flag = NULL;
270 long_options[long_options_nr].val = 0;
271
272 if (long_options_nr && name) {
273 /* Not for init! */
274 long_options[long_options_nr - 1].has_arg = has_arg;
275 long_options[long_options_nr - 1].flag = &flag;
276 long_options[long_options_nr - 1].val = long_options_nr;
277 tmp = xmalloc(strlen(name) + 1);
278 strcpy(tmp, name);
279 long_options[long_options_nr - 1].name = tmp;
280 }
281 long_options_nr++;
282 }
283
284
285 /*
286 * Register several long options. options is a string of long options,
287 * separated by commas or whitespace. This nukes options!
288 */
289 static void add_long_options(char *options)
290 {
291 int arg_opt;
292 char *tokptr = strtok(options, ", \t\n");
293 while (tokptr) {
294 arg_opt = no_argument;
295 if (strlen(tokptr) > 0) {
296 if (tokptr[strlen(tokptr) - 1] == ':') {
297 if (tokptr[strlen(tokptr) - 2] == ':') {
298 tokptr[strlen(tokptr) - 2] = '\0';
299 arg_opt = optional_argument;
300 } else {
301 tokptr[strlen(tokptr) - 1] = '\0';
302 arg_opt = required_argument;
303 }
304 if (strlen(tokptr) == 0)
305 parse_error(_
306 ("empty long option after "
307 "-l or --long argument"));
308 }
309 add_longopt(tokptr, arg_opt);
310 }
311 tokptr = strtok(NULL, ", \t\n");
312 }
313 }
314
315 static void set_shell(const char *new_shell)
316 {
317 if (!strcmp(new_shell, "bash"))
318 shell = BASH;
319 else if (!strcmp(new_shell, "tcsh"))
320 shell = TCSH;
321 else if (!strcmp(new_shell, "sh"))
322 shell = BASH;
323 else if (!strcmp(new_shell, "csh"))
324 shell = TCSH;
325 else
326 parse_error(_
327 ("unknown shell after -s or --shell argument"));
328 }
329
330 static void __attribute__ ((__noreturn__)) print_help(void)
331 {
332 fputs(USAGE_HEADER, stderr);
333 fprintf(stderr, _(
334 " %1$s optstring parameters\n"
335 " %1$s [options] [--] optstring parameters\n"
336 " %1$s [options] -o|--options optstring [options] [--] parameters\n"),
337 program_invocation_short_name);
338
339 fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, stderr);
340 fputs(_(" -a, --alternative Allow long options starting with single -\n"), stderr);
341 fputs(_(" -l, --longoptions <longopts> Long options to be recognized\n"), stderr);
342 fputs(_(" -n, --name <progname> The name under which errors are reported\n"), stderr);
343 fputs(_(" -o, --options <optstring> Short options to be recognized\n"), stderr);
344 fputs(_(" -q, --quiet Disable error reporting by getopt(3)\n"), stderr);
345 fputs(_(" -Q, --quiet-output No normal output\n"), stderr);
346 fputs(_(" -s, --shell <shell> Set shell quoting conventions\n"), stderr);
347 fputs(_(" -T, --test Test for getopt(1) version\n"), stderr);
348 fputs(_(" -u, --unquoted Do not quote the output\n"), stderr);
349 fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, stderr);
350 fputs(USAGE_HELP, stderr);
351 fputs(USAGE_VERSION, stderr);
352 fprintf(stderr, USAGE_MAN_TAIL("getopt(1)"));
353 exit(PARAMETER_EXIT_CODE);
354 }
355
356 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
357 {
358 char *optstr = NULL;
359 char *name = NULL;
360 int opt;
361 int compatible = 0;
362
363 /* Stop scanning as soon as a non-option argument is found! */
364 static const char *shortopts = "+ao:l:n:qQs:TuhV";
365 static const struct option longopts[] = {
366 {"options", required_argument, NULL, 'o'},
367 {"longoptions", required_argument, NULL, 'l'},
368 {"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
369 {"quiet-output", no_argument, NULL, 'Q'},
370 {"shell", required_argument, NULL, 's'},
371 {"test", no_argument, NULL, 'T'},
372 {"unquoted", no_argument, NULL, 'u'},
373 {"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
374 {"alternative", no_argument, NULL, 'a'},
375 {"name", required_argument, NULL, 'n'},
376 {"version", no_argument, NULL, 'V'},
377 {NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
378 };
379
380 setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
381 bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
382 textdomain(PACKAGE);
383
384 init_longopt();
385 getopt_long_fp = getopt_long;
386
387 if (getenv("GETOPT_COMPATIBLE"))
388 compatible = 1;
389
390 if (argc == 1) {
391 if (compatible) {
392 /*
393 * For some reason, the original getopt gave no
394 * error when there were no arguments.
395 */
396 printf(" --\n");
397 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
398 } else
399 parse_error(_("missing optstring argument"));
400 }
401
402 if (argv[1][0] != '-' || compatible) {
403 quote = 0;
404 optstr = xmalloc(strlen(argv[1]) + 1);
405 strcpy(optstr, argv[1] + strspn(argv[1], "-+"));
406 argv[1] = argv[0];
407 return generate_output(argv + 1, argc - 1, optstr,
408 long_options);
409 }
410
411 while ((opt =
412 getopt_long(argc, argv, shortopts, longopts, NULL)) != EOF)
413 switch (opt) {
414 case 'a':
415 getopt_long_fp = getopt_long_only;
416 break;
417 case 'h':
418 print_help();
419 case 'o':
420 free(optstr);
421 optstr = xmalloc(strlen(optarg) + 1);
422 strcpy(optstr, optarg);
423 break;
424 case 'l':
425 add_long_options(optarg);
426 break;
427 case 'n':
428 free(name);
429 name = xmalloc(strlen(optarg) + 1);
430 strcpy(name, optarg);
431 break;
432 case 'q':
433 quiet_errors = 1;
434 break;
435 case 'Q':
436 quiet_output = 1;
437 break;
438 case 's':
439 set_shell(optarg);
440 break;
441 case 'T':
442 return TEST_EXIT_CODE;
443 case 'u':
444 quote = 0;
445 break;
446 case 'V':
447 printf(UTIL_LINUX_VERSION);
448 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
449 case '?':
450 case ':':
451 parse_error(NULL);
452 default:
453 parse_error(_("internal error, contact the author."));
454 }
455
456 if (!optstr) {
457 if (optind >= argc)
458 parse_error(_("missing optstring argument"));
459 else {
460 optstr = xmalloc(strlen(argv[optind]) + 1);
461 strcpy(optstr, argv[optind]);
462 optind++;
463 }
464 }
465 if (name)
466 argv[optind - 1] = name;
467 else
468 argv[optind - 1] = argv[0];
469
470 return generate_output(argv + optind - 1, argc-optind + 1,
471 optstr, long_options);
472 }

frodo@frodo.looijaard.name
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